Since stress about your Social Security benefits hearing is about the unknown (beyond whether you will be approved or not), the more you know about your hearing day the better. Your attorney can explain where your hearing is, who will be there 聽力中心, and how long it may take. He or she should also explain the point of your hearing, and (with sufficient experience) possibly let you know your chances of approval. First, your hearing location.
Once the hearing office schedules your hearing, you (and your attorney) should get a letter explaining the time and place of your hearing (your “hearing notice”). Whether you have an attorney or not, you can drive to the location on a weekday a few days ahead of time to verify where it will be held. (A weekday is important because some hearing locations may not be open on weekends. ) Once there, look at the surroundings. Know which floor and area to go to. Also anticipate practical concerns such as parking. These steps lower stress on your hearing day.
Visiting your hearing site before your hearing day is also useful because hearings are not always where you expect them – even knowing the address. Hearings aren’t always at a courthouse or a government center. And don’t assume your hearing is where you may have originally signed up for benefits. Hearings can, however, be in private office buildings, courthouses, city hall conference rooms, or even hotel conference rooms. I even attended one in a hotel room with the beds moved and tables set up! (For the record, it wasn’t very comfortable). So, pay close attention to the address and time of your hearing on your hearing notice.
Another way to reduce the stress about your Social Security benefits hearing is to know who will be there. Your hearing notice can list the experts the judge wants at your hearing. Below is a list of the people at Social Security hearings and their roles. Keep in mind that one or both experts listed below may not be at your hearing. There will always be a Social Security administration law judge (“ALJ”) running your hearing. He or she will almost always appear in person, though the judge can appear through live video or (rarely) by phone only. The judge needs to ask you questions about your past work, your medical problems that affect your ability to work, and your day-to-day symptoms.
The hearing assistant helps the judge record the hearing. He or she is physically at the hearing site. Among other things, the hearing assistant gathers last minute paperwork from you, brings you into the hearing room, and shows you where to sit. Only very rarely have I attended hearings without a hearing assistant on site. The only one I can recall was a hearing for a prisoner in the prison’s cafeteria. My client did not have any trouble finding that hearing location.
This government-appointed expert answers questions at your hearing from the judge about jobs that may exist for you despite your medical problems. The vocational expert generally appears in person, but sometimes appears by phone. Your attorney, your representative, or you (if you are unrepresented) may follow-up with questions for this expert once the judge is done questioning. To learn more about representation at Social Security hearings, click here.
This government-appointed expert answers questions at your hearing from the judge about either your physical or emotional condition(s). The medical expert, if there is one, generally appears in person, but he or she can also appear by video or phone. As with the vocational expert, your attorney, your representative, or you (if you are unrepresented) may follow-up with questions for him or her once the judge is done with questions.
You (and perhaps a few others that know you). You should plan to be at your hearing in person. (Very rarely, I have had clients appear by phone. This is less than ideal, but better than nothing. ) You can plan to bring your family and friends to the hearing location on your hearing day. Some of my clients also have their case worker or some other professional with them as well. It helps to have people you know with you at the hearing site. This reduces anxiety because people that care about you are with you. In the hearing itself, however, you might want to plan bringing only a person or two with you. In my experience, bringing more than a few people you know into the hearing room at one time tends to be distracting.
You should expect to answer the judge’s basic questions directly. Sometimes my clients want others to talk as witnesses – or even talk for them. Attorneys can differ, but I generally want my clients to explain why they can’t work in their own words. It’s OK. You don’t have to be perfect. So while other people may have some valuable things to say about you under certain circumstances, I tell my clients that the main goal of the hearing is to let the judge get to know you a little bit. To this end, the judge needs to hear from you. If you have an attorney (or representative), you can ask his or her advice before your hearing about how to handle witness testimony for your hearing. To learn more about hearing procedure, click here.